Teacherless Learning is the title of a provocative online course given by Tommy Halstead to Education Postdocs. Tommy used the GE and Air Force term "Pilotless Aircraft" as an example of a goal defeating itself verbally! The course details how programmed learning plus massive online education can technologically evolve beyond broadcast-only (the course is for educational technology professionals using hyper and supercomputing methods and stemmed from Halstead's participation in a molecular folding and supercomputing postdoc course at Scripps in 1999).
Teacherless in that context is more akin to "teacher in a box" where the programming itself contains AI teacher-bots and guides with gamification milestones and tollgates. Physical teachers, coaches and professors participate throughout the process, but the concept does push the boundaries of Student-centered learning, SPOCs and autonomy via the programming model itself.
The key innovation is recursion, both in programming and philosophy; it makes the student a "teacher" by self-programming feedback and feedforward via research proven active response and stimulus control methods, adding the new concept of an "avatar split" where each student has a "student" of their own to program and teach WITH programmed learning methods.
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Acknowledgments: Edward Thorndike, Sidney Pressey, Bob Strum, John Ward, Bob Glaser, Lev Vygotsky, Jerome Bruner, Seymour Papert, Neil Postman, Daniel Willingham, Rhonda Robinson, Michael Molenda, Landra Rezabek, RC Richey, D. Randy Garrison, Terry Anderson, Al Januszewski, P.R. Lowenthal, B.G. Wilson, B.B. Seels, R.C. Richey, F. Geng, N. Selwin, R. Day, L. Payne, J.L Moore, Karl Kurbel, J. Bransford, R.R. Cocking, G.J. Hwang, Kinshuk, Chen, Cheng and Chew, Diana Andone, Anna Craft.